[MPWG] 3rd Letter fr Bhaskar Save, 80 yr Old Organic Hindu Farmer

Ipakatawo9 at aol.com Ipakatawo9 at aol.com
Fri Oct 13 19:14:04 CDT 2006

Aho!  Relatives:

Water security is everything.  LIFE as we know it on Ina Maka, Mother Earth,  
cannot survive without water. 

Below are nuggets of  LIFE saving advice from one of  India's most revered 
organic farmer.  His last name, SAVE  is a chilling coincidence. Among Hindus 
and Buddhist there is no such thing as a coincidence. 

Firefly (Lilia Adecer Cajilog) 
Tawo Seed Carrier (since 1991) 
POB 1456
South Pasadena, CA 91031
Open Letter – 
From: Bhaskar Save,
‘Kalpavruksha’ Village Dehri, 
Via Umergam, Dist Valsad, Gujarat, India
(Ph: 0260 – 2563866, 2562126)

Shri M.S. Swaminathan,
Chairperson, National Commission on Farmers,
Union Ministry of Agriculture,
New Delhi, India

October 9, 2006 

Dear Shri Swaminathan,

  “For the first time in 10,000 years of India’s agricultural history,” as 
stated by you, a “National Policy for Farmers” is being drafted. This has been 
assigned to your Commission. I am sure you are deeply conscious of the 
momentous nature of the task, and its pressing importance for the many millions of 
distressed chemical farmers of India. 

I pray to Ma Saraswati, Ma Annapurna and Ma Lakshmi – the mother goddesses of 
learning, food and wealth – to bless this land, and you, and all of us.  May 
compassion and wisdom prevail; may this country ever provide abundant, 
wholesome food; may our farmers and people prosper! And may all the weary and 
bewildered of this earth find a bright beacon of hope in our example.

Today, you are in a preeminent position to objectively convince governments 
and big agri-business to reappraise their narrow, shortsighted policies in view 
of the dark crises these have led to, and the deeper ones they threaten. You 
have written that as far back as 1968, you had cautioned the nation about the 
hazards of the ‘green revolution’ technology. But your warning at that time 
was lost in the industrial wilderness, though you remained in the arena to try 
again. Now, at least, your voice of sanity and conscience must be loud and 
clear, and you will receive a groundswell of support and goodwill, from even 
unexpected quarters. 

I was encouraged to receive your reply dated July 31, 2006 in response to my 
Open Letter dated July 29, 2006 on the subject of mounting suicides by 
farmers, its underlying causes, and the fundamental remedial measures that are 
urgently needed. You stated that you had long admired my work, and thanked me for my 
“detailed suggestions” and “valuable comments and recommendations”, which 
you said you would take into consideration in preparing your final report. 

My second Open Letter dated August 16, 2006 in response to your letter dated 
July 31, 2006, requested you to inform which specific recommendations of mine 
you agreed with. I also offered to address any questions, doubts or 
disagreements regarding the remaining suggestions. While I looked forward to a 
continuation of the dialogue, I was disappointed not to receive any further letter from 
you. Nonetheless, I am writing to you again. 

As we are both in our eighties, and entering the twilight of our lives, the 
least we can try to do is keep hope alive for others – through continuing 

In your article, enclosed with your letter dated July 31, 2006, you have 
again acknowledged the pitfalls of the chemical based ‘green revolution’ 
technology, and recognized the need for an ‘evergreen’ revolution. By this, I hope 
you mean a way of farming, and an ethic of land use, that causes no harm 
whatsoever; and thus promises sustained yield of wholesome food that does not just 
fill the belly, but provides vital nourishment to body, mind and spirit.

You will, I am sure, wholeheartedly agree that for 9,950 years of our ten 
millennium old agricultural history, India actually followed such a cultural 
ethic and way of farming. Where on earth, in its entire agricultural history, can 
you find any significantly different way of farming that has a stronger claim 
to being truly evergreen? 

  Of course, we have been – and still are – extremely fortunate to have an 
abundance of sunshine all round the year, a wealth of biodiversity, and more 
than adequate rainfall. The luxuriance of our untended natural forests is 
eloquent testimony to what can be achieved in this country if our numerous  
unnatural interventions stop!
In your above-referred article, you have touched on half a dozen pathways 
which – according to you – may be considered for pursuing an ‘evergreen 
revolution’. The first one you mention is a hundred percent organic path, where no 
chemicals whatsoever are used, but which is still distinct from the pure, 
do-nothing ‘natural farming’, as it may still entail some seasonal tillage, manual 
weed control, and perhaps non-chemical ‘pest control’.

The last pathway mentioned in your article is the no-tillage path of natural 
farming, which in its purest form does not entail any other disturbance 
either, and is thus truly ‘do nothing’, barring the effort to harvest! While the 
cultivation of seasonal field crops without any tillage whatsoever, is 
problematic in most parts of India, natural farming is definitely possible to achieve 
with mature tree crops. 

  Once the tree saplings or seeds are planted, and a ground cover of 
vegetation established, all tillage is totally taken care of by Nature, with no human 
intervention needed for this. Some other tasks like mulching, manuring, etc. 
may still be needed in the first few years, which is thus a transitional, 
organic phase. But by the time the saplings start yielding, almost nothing is 
required to be done, except perhaps conservative irrigation for some crops like 
coconut, chikoo, banana. Many food tree species like mango, jambul, ber, cashew, 
drumstick, awala, custard apple, mahua, etc. do not require even this, 
particularly after their first year. They are as natural as our old forests.


It is thus necessary to start with 100% organic farming, which would continue 
for field crops, but which would evolve into a progressively purer form of 
natural farming for most tree crops. This is the combination of pathways we must 
follow to regain an evergreen agriculture. While you have also mentioned 
other ‘pathways’ which combine chemicals with organic inputs, and natural with 
unnatural, I am afraid they are blind alleys and not true paths to an evergreen 


I am summarizing below the suggestions and recommendations I can offer with 
full conviction, based on many decades of intimate personal experience. I do 
trust these will lead to the revitalization of India’s agriculture and her 
natural wealth, and I hope they are helpful to you in drafting the proposed 
national policy for farmers. 


The major thrust of our national policy should be to ensure the water 
security and food security of India through organically growing mixed, locally 
suitable crops, plants, and particularly trees, following the laws of Nature.

The Government should provide all necessary encouragement and support to the 
farmers presently using chemicals, for converting at least 20-25% of their 
land each year to a 100% organic path without any chemicals whatsoever. It is 
thus possible for India to be wholly (and happily) liberated from the poisonous 
agro-chemicals in about 4-5 years. 

We should restore (organically) at least 30% ground cover of mixed, 
indigenous and locally adapted trees and forests, preferably within the next decade, 
especially on sloping lands prone to soil erosion. This is the core task of 
ecological water harvesting – the key to restoring the natural abundance of 
groundwater. Outstanding benefits can be achieved thereby in the shortest possible 
time at minimal cost. 

Such decentralized underground storage is more efficient, as it is protected 
from the high evaporation of surface storage. The planting of trees will also 
make available a variety of useful produce to enhance the welfare of a larger 
number of people. By inter-planting short life-span, medium life-span, and 
long life-span crops and trees, it is possible to have planned continuity of food 
yield to sustain a farmer through the transition period till the long-life 
fruit trees mature and yield. The higher availability of biomass and complete 
ground cover round the year will also hasten the regeneration of soil fertility. 

A policy of conservative irrigation must be strictly followed, according 
highest priority of allocation to nutritious food crops. 

Indeed, most crops grow best when the soil is just damp, enabling continuity 
of soil aeration. A high water consumption field crop like rice is a rare 
exception, which should be cultivated only in the monsoon, when it is a logical 
choice for growing in low-lying flat areas, prone to inundation. The unseasonal 
cultivation of rice with irrigation in dry months should be totally stopped, 
or at least phased out within the next five years. Growing of sugarcane in 
water scarcity areas must be banned, as also in poorly drained soils and dry 
climates with a high rate of evaporation. By this policy, at least 60% of our 
irrigation waters can be saved for local priority use. 

The irreversible ruination of fertile, agricultural lands through soil 
salinisation and water-logging will also stop. 

High priority is needed to conserve in their decentralized natural habitats – 
and within the control of local farmers – the enormous wealth of our 
biodiversity, both of crops and uncultivated species. Similarly, we urgently need to 
document from experienced organic farmers the depth of traditional farming 
knowledge specific to each bioregion and agro-climatic zone.

No unnatural biotechnological interventions whatsoever are needed. These, 
particularly genetically tampered species, may prove even more dangerous to our 
food sovereignty than have the chemicals.
Soil erosion needs to be checked on a war footing. Official records inform 
that presently over 350 million acres of land are seriously affected by soil 
erosion caused by rain and wind. The most effective and productive strategy of 
checking such erosion is by establishing ground cover vegetation, particularly 
perennials. All crop residues and ‘bio-wastes’ must go back to the land to 
replenish its fertility. The drain of organic matter from our soils must stop.
Science can be harnessed to provide farmers with good, manual tools and 
implements, which can greatly help to increase work efficiency and reduce the toil. 
Continuous feedback should be obtained from farmers on what they find 

 Local farmer-level exchanges of experiences, skills and seeds should be 
encouraged and supported by the government. Again, the farmers themselves are the 
best judges of what support, if any, they need.
 Urban areas should be encouraged to vermi-compost their kitchen wastes and 
grow organic, rooftop vegetable gardens. 

Additionally, urban educational institutes should facilitate practical 
understanding and work experience related to the regeneration of our natural wealth. 

For this purpose, academic leave may be granted for spending at least 15 days 
every year in the countryside. Schools in rural areas should preferably have 
monsoon vacations for about 45 days, starting a week before the rains – to 
enable the rural populace to concentrate on farming and planting work, which 
cannot be undertaken the rest of the year.

  You are probably well aware of the huge strides Cuba has made in organic 
farming, which it was forced into because of the US led embargo on that nation. 
You are also acutely conscious that the fossil-fuel intensive path of chemical 
farming may be suddenly forced to stop if our fuel supplies (largely 
imported) are throttled, or if their prices mount sharply. Even if the big crisis does 
not come in the next 5 years, the degradation of our natural capital – our 
soils – is already alarming. So too is the depletion of our groundwater. The 
sooner we adopt the organic path, the better for us, and indeed, for the rest of 
the world as well.


It is perhaps unrealistic to hope for total, voluntary change in a hurry. But 
if we can achieve even 50% of the tasks listed above, our farmers have a 
fighting chance. Compromising for less than that would be a betrayal of the land 
and her people, and deep violence to our souls. 

  In conclusion, I wish you all the best, and have faith that you will 
courageously follow the voice of your conscience – the path of sanity.

With warm wishes and best regards,
Bhaskar Save
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